The European Union started work on the new data protection regulation in 2010.
The text of the GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) has substantially changed compared to the initial version. The European Parliament had a heated debate on certain aspects of the regulation.
In data protection cases the European Court of Justice took the initiative. Since the Charter of Human Rights of the European Union entered into force in 2009 it has become the point of reference in court proceedings. In the last two or three years several important decisions have been made in Luxemburg concerning personal data protection. As for access rights to medical data, the World Medical Association amended the Declaration of Helsinki in 2013.
Hungary goes in the opposite direction than the European approach. Instead of protecting individuals it is moving in the direction of uncontrollable state power. My initiative to resolve the contradictions between the EU and the Hungarian law has not been included in the agenda of the Constitutional Court since 2011. In my talk I would like to present the most significant EU court decisions and the way of thinking about data protection and would like to confront it with several decisions of the Hungarian Constitutional Court and sections of Hungarian law.